Festivals and holidays – Dao-Tour
Public holidays China
1 October — the anniversary of the founding of the PRC. On this day throughout China held folk festivals, demonstrations, sometimes (for round figures) — military parades.
March 8 — the international women’s day
1 may — International workers ‘ day (3 days off)
4 may — ‘s revolutionary party, the anniversary of the Patriotic «may 4th Movement», now celebrated as «youth Day of China»
1 June — the international children’s day
July 1 — Day of the Communist party of China (1921)
1 August — the Day of creation of the PLA (people’s liberation Army of China)
1 January — New Year of the Gregorian calendar
Traditional Chinese festivals are associated with the ancient knowledge of Chinese astronomy, mathematics and with the old way of chronology. Great influence on the formation of many traditional festivals have had a change of seasons according to the lunar calendar. According to traditional Chinese calendar, the year is divided into 24 season. These are pretty accurate delineation of the changes of the seasons are important for farmers leadership in the household.
The Spring Festival (Chunjie) — New year on the lunar calendar
Chinese (or Lunar) New year — this is the longest and the most solemn holiday in China. According to tradition, this holiday is the Chinese people must completely pay off my debts, buy new clothes, make a General cleaning in the house, a big family feast, to bring gifts to the spirits, to give to friends and family «red envelopes» «lucky money». The night before New year in China made in huge amounts squib (recently the authorities of large cities imposed restrictions on this type of entertainment — due to frequent fires from fireworks).
The eve of the Lunar New year, also called Spring Festival (chunjie), and a few days after him, is considered China’s national holiday. Usually the festivities ( and the rest after them) last for 10-15 days. At this time, cease to work most public institutions, including sometimes even cinemas, restaurants and hotels (depends on rank and affiliation). Business activity during this festival is almost a no no. Many Chinese, especially the young, trying to get back on the eve of the Lunar New year in the place of his birth, to parents: holiday taken hold in the family. For this reason, five days before the holiday and a week and a half after all means of transport in China have completely unimaginable overload. To work people are starting to gradually come back on the fifth-the eighth day. But the festive mood lasts until the lantern Festival, which falls on the fifteenth day of the first month of the Lunar calendar. During this period it is better not to plan any commercial activities and business trips.
The lantern festival (Yuansyaotsze)
The lantern festival falls on the 15th day of the first Lunar month to the Eastern calendar.
During the festival produced a wide variety, fancy lanterns made of paper and other scrap materials.
Exhibitions and contests for the best light, we have different games, fireworks, dancing, acrobats and circus artists. In the evening people eat tortillas «Warsaw», who have long been considered a symbol of family prosperity, love and happiness.
Winter solstice ( Denisse)
At the winter solstice (22 / 23rd December) — the shortest day and the longest night of the year. After the winter solstice the days become longer and the nights shorter.
In ancient China believed that since that time rose of the male force of nature and begins a new cycle. So the winter solstice is considered a lucky day worthy of celebration.
The celebration of this day in different parts of China is different traditions and peculiarities of the local cuisine.
All souls ‘ day (Chinense)
The feast of Tenminste (in translation — «clean», «clear») is one of the 24 important days in the Chinese calendar. Often it falls on the twelfth day of the third lunar month in April.
On this day, many Chinese people go to the graves of their relatives, public cemeteries, memorials. Citizens are increasingly commemorate their dead at home. This holiday is celebrated on 104 days after the winter solstice, and more often in 04 or 05 April.
Dualuse (feast «of dragon boats»)
A holiday dedicated to the great Chinese poet and patriot qu Yuan (340-278 BC), who drowned in the river than to betray their country. The festival falls on the fifth day of the fifth month on the lunar calendar, therefore, is also called » Holiday two fives».
On this day in China organizes the race, «dragon boats» (large stylized Canoeing) and other folk festivals and celebrations.
On holiday, decided there «tszuntszy» — pyramids of glutinous rice wrapped in bamboo or reed leaf, stuffed with meat or soy paste.
Mid-autumn festival (Janzssa)
Essentially — a harvest Festival. Held in the 15th day of the eighth lunar month (September or October). The full moon in China symbolizes happiness and prosperity, therefore in this festival which falls on the full moon, gather all family members and celebrate it by libations of wine and a hearty lunch.
An essential attribute of Janzssa are «moon cakes» — «yabin» . which are baked from wheat flour with different filling (in different regions of China — different).
Cakes made to give to friends, acquaintances and relatives. Appreciated not only the taste of the pellets, but also its external appearance. Many of them resemble the Russians printed the gingerbread. Packaging, sometimes that’s worth more than the pellets themselves.
The Lovers ‘ Holiday (Tsisitsze)
The summer holiday is associated with a touching story about the love of a shepherd and goddess.
In the course of socialist construction, the sentiments were not in fashion, but in recent years the youth of China has made many efforts for the revival of the holiday.
Disappear the holiday could not because of affection Chinese magic numbers — the festival falls on the 7 th day of the 7th lunar month and is called «the Festival of the double sevens» . in recent times — «Youth festival seventh night».
The Feast Of Joyance
The feast of Joyance noted in the 9th lunar month of the 9-th — « the double ninth festival» .
The characters included in the name of the holiday, indicate «climbing, repetition, bright, masculine Yang».
Holiday is definitely worthy of celebrating a happy day. It interpreted from time immemorial as the Day of ascension health, eternity, happiness.
Has a beautiful rituals admiring the chrysanthemums.